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Wednesday, May 6, 2020 | History

4 edition of Oxygen, gene expression, and cellular function found in the catalog.

Oxygen, gene expression, and cellular function

  • 54 Want to read
  • 21 Currently reading

Published by M. Dekker in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Oxygen -- Pathophysiology.,
  • Oxygen -- Physiological effect.,
  • Oxidation, Physiological.,
  • Genetic regulation.,
  • Ischemia.,
  • Antioxidants -- Physiological effect.,
  • Oxygen -- metabolism.,
  • Oxygen -- adverse effects.,
  • Gene Expression Regulation.,
  • Cells -- metabolism.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and indexes.

    Statementedited by Biadasz Clerch, Donald J. Massaro.
    SeriesLung biology in health and disease ;, 105
    ContributionsMassaro, Donald, 1932-, Clerch, Linda Biadasz, 1948-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRB170 .O985 1997
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxix, 485 p. :
    Number of Pages485
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL665726M
    ISBN 100824700627
    LC Control Number97011362

    Cell Component: Function: Present in Prokaryotes: Present in Animal Cells: Present in Plant Cells: Plasma Membrane: Separates cell from external environment;Author: Lisa Bartee, Walter Shriner, Catherine Creech. Expression of genetic information involves cellular and molecular mechanisms. Essential Knowledge: 3.B.1 Gene regulation results in differential gene expression, leading to cell specialization: Science Practice: The student can connect phenomena and models across spatial and temporal scales. Learning Objective.

      The significance and often centrality of reactive oxygen species (ROS)- and redox-related signaling are now established for most processes in plant development and acclimation. Each cell possesses a redox regulatory network whose state is adjusted by ROS and virtually controls all processes such as gene expression and translation, metabolism Cited by: The master regulator of oxygen homeostasis, hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF), is a heterodimer composed of HIF-1α or HIF-2α and HIF1β, and it controls a diversity of cellular events.

      Enhancers and Transcription. In some eukaryotic genes, there are additional regions that help increase or enhance transcription. These regions, called enhancers, are not necessarily close to the genes they can be located upstream of a gene, within the coding region of the gene, downstream of a gene, or may be thousands of nucleotides : Mary Ann Clark, Jung Choi, Matthew Douglas. The expression of several oxygen-regulated nuclear genes in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is affected by the mitochondrion. Recent evidence suggests two levels of mitochondrial involvement. On the one hand, mitochondrial respiratory function is essential for the anoxic induction of some hypoxic by:


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Oxygen, gene expression, and cellular function Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Oxygen, gene expression, and cellular function. [Donald Massaro; Linda Biadasz Clerch;] -- This concise, well-focused reference addresses the impact of oxygen on evolution and ontogeny - furnishing both animal and cellular models that.

Genre/Form: Electronic books: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Oxygen, gene expression, and cellular function. New York: Marcel Dekker, © Oxygen-regulated gene expression is mediated through the actions of the transcription factors, the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs).

In the present study, the effect of oxygen on cumulus cell gene expression was examined following in vitro maturation of the murine COC at 2%, 5% or 20% by: 7. Oxygen Regulation of Ion Channels and Gene Expression. Jose Lopez-Barneo (Editor), Kenneth Weir focusing on the regulatory role of oxygen on ion channels and gene expression in various gene expression and tissues.

This book should be of interest to cellular and molecular biologists, pulmonary specialists, physiologists, biophysicists, as well as any. Masayuki Miura, Junying Yuan, in Methods in Enzymology, Introduction. Gene overexpression in cultured cells is a common method used to examine the function of a gene; however, genes that have detrimental effects on cell proliferation or survival are incompatible with the establishment of stable overexpressing cell lines.

Even when such cell Oxygen are established, the expression levels of. Clerici C, Matthay MA, Hypoxia regulates gene expression of alveolar epithelial transport proteins,J Appl Physiol. May;88(5) Guimbellot JS, Fortenberry JA, Siegal GP, Moore B, Wen H, Venglarik C, Chen YF, Oparil S, Sorscher EJ, Hong JS, Role of oxygen availability in CFTR expression and function, Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol.

Nov. The regulation of gene expression conserves energy and space. It would require a significant amount of energy for an organism to express every gene at all times, so it is more energy efficient to turn on the genes only when they are by: 1.

Start studying Biology: Photosynthesis, Energy & Cell Respiration, DNA Structure & Replication, Gene Expression, Stem Cells.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Tissues - collection of cells working together to perform a function.

The control of gene expression is extremely complex. Malfunctions in this process are detrimental to the cell and can lead to the development of many diseases, including cancer.

Prokaryotic versus Eukaryotic Gene Expression. To understand how gene expression is regulated, we must first understand how a gene codes for a functional protein in a cell. This chapter introduces the subject of prokaryotic and eukaryotic regulation of gene expression. Prokaryotes principally turn their genes on and off using activators and repressors, whereas gene expression in eukaryotes involves many regulatory steps, due to their DNA structures and cellular compartmentalization.

Evolution of Gene Regulation Prokaryotic cells can only regulate gene expression by controlling the amount of transcription. As eukaryotic cells evolved, the complexity of the control of gene expression increased. For example, with the evolution of eukaryotic cells came compartmentalization of important cellular components and cellular : OpenStaxCollege.

Gene expression is the process by which genetic information is used to produce proteins, which are essential for cells to function properly and fulfil their many purposes. It takes place in two.

Communication by extracellular signals usually involves six steps: (1) synthesis and (2) release of the signaling molecule by the signaling cell; (3) transport of the signal to the target cell; (4) detection of the signal by a specific receptor protein; (5) a change in cellular metabolism, function, or development triggered by the receptor-signal complex; and (6) removal of the signal, which Cited by: 2.

The extreme sensitivity of nitrogenase towards oxygen stands as a major barrier to engineer biological nitrogen fixation into cereal crops by direct nif gene transfer. Here, we use yeast as a Cited by: Gene regulation is an important part of normal development.

Genes are turned on and off in different patterns during development to make a brain cell look and act different from a liver cell or a muscle cell, for example. Gene regulation also allows cells to react quickly to changes in their environments.

alterations in gene expression and 3-D aggregation of cells into tissue-like architecture. Extreme conditions.

in the ISS environment include exposure to extreme heat and cold cycling, ultra-vacuum, atomic oxygen, and high energy. radiation. Testing and qualification of. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration function in a biological cycle, allowing organisms to access life-sustaining energy that originates millions of miles away in a star.

Figure 1 In the carbon cycle, the reactions of photosynthesis and cellular respiration share reciprocal reactants and : Bartee, Lisa, Anderson, Christine.

Cell Physiology - Gene Expression and Cell Reproduction. STUDY. PLAY. control of gene function: gene expression is regulated by ___ ___ mechanisms so that one part of a cell does not ___ the other parts or that some chemical reactions do not ___ and kill the cell it is thought that the cellular ___ begins at a certain stage of cell.

Gene Location. C1orf is a protein-encoding gene found on the reverse strand of chromosome 1 at the locus 1q The longest mRNA transcript comprises 3, base pairs and spans fromtoon chromosome 1.

The span of the gene from the start of transcription to polyA site, including introns, is 32, gene also contains a domain of unknown function called DUFAliases: C1orf, chromosome 1 open reading frame Research by the Harvard Medical School and others has demonstrated that the practice of Qigong positively affects gene expression, the immune system, nervous system, and cellular function allowing cells to live longer -- true "anti-aging" and the legendary "fountain of youth".

A Model of Aerobic Cellular Respiration. In this activity, students will be visualizing aerobic cellular respiration by creating an animation that shows the role of oxygen.This volume covers (1) the destruction of cellular function by ROS resulting in pathological states; (2) the protection by ROS of an organism against invading organisms that cause infections; and (3) the role of ROS in normal physiological processes.

Designed for beginning graduate students, this book gives a concise overview of the field.Transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms that control neuronal differentiation; regulation of gene expression in the mammalian retina by microRNAs and other small RNAs.

Michael Uhler, Ph.D. Neuronal signaling and gene expression in the context of human neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Anne Vojtek, Ph.D.